AR / VR / MR / XR

AR/VR/MR/XR Concept Map

Augmented Reality (AR)

Augmented reality is the enhancing of the real physical world, through imposing a layer of digital technology onto the image that we can see. This can be done through visual elements, sounds, or other sensory stimuli. Further development of AR incorporates interaction with these digital content, allowing for coexistence of the real and digital world.

Virtual Reality (VR)

Virtual reality is the creation of a stimulated, 3D virtual world through computer technology, that users can manipulate and explore with the help of a VR headset. Through incorporating auditory, video, and in some occasions, haptic feedback, users are immersed into this digital environment, with their gestures and actions in real life reflected in the virtual world.

Mixed Reality (MR)

Mixed reality is a new-age technology that fuses aspects of both AR and VR, merging the real and digital worlds, to produce new environments and visualizations. MR is often confused for AR or VR, but it emphasizes on a mixture of these two technologies.  


Cross reality, also referred to as extended reality or immersive reality, is the umbrella term encompassing augmented, virtual, and mixed reality technologies. It is the core essence of immersive technology.